Care & Maintenance of Natural Stone Made Easy with our free, downloadable guide!
Natural Stone refers to a variety of nature-made mineral substances that stand in contrast to any synthetic or manufactured stone products.
Types of Natural Stone
Common natural stone flooring includes slate, marble, quartzite, limestone, travertine, granite, and sandstone—each of which has slightly different properties.
The first step in proper stone care and maintenance is to understand your stone’s geological classification and composition. Knowing this information will help you identify what cleaning products to use and how best to care for your natural stone. Natural stone is categorized into three geological classifications by their respective formation processes: Sedimentary, Metamorphic, and Igneous.
Additionally, natural stones can be either Calcareous or Siliceous.
- Calcareous stone is composed mainly of calcium carbonate, a chemical compound commonly found in natural stone, shells, and pearls. Marble, limestone, travertine, and onyx are examples of calcareous stones.
- Siliceous stone is composed primarily of silicates – Quartz, feldspar, and mica are examples of this type of stone.
CLEANING NATURAL STONE
Similar to any item cleaned in your home, an excessive concentration of cleaner or soap may leave a film and cause streaks. Always follow manufacturer cleaning recommendations.
For best results:
- Use a clean rag mop on floors and a soft cloth for other surfaces.
- Clean stone surfaces with a neutral cleaner, stone soap, or a mild liquid dishwashing detergent and warm water.
- Rinse surfaces thoroughly after washing with the soap solution and dry with a soft cloth; Change the rinse water frequently.
Bathrooms and other wet areas: Minimize soap scum by using a squeegee after each use. To remove soap scum, use a non-acidic soap scum remover or a solution of ammonia and water (approximately a 1/2 cup ammonia to a gallon of water).
In outdoor pool, patio, or hot tub areas: Flush the area with clear water and use a mild bleach solution to remove algae or moss.
To get the longest life and preserve the beauty of your natural stone, follow these simple tips:
DUST MOPPING: Dust mop interior floors frequently using a clean, non-treated dry dust mop. Sand, dirt, and grit are abrasive and can damage natural stone.
MATS/RUGS: Places mats or area rugs inside and outside an entrance. This helps to minimize the tracking of sand, dirt, and grit into your home that may scratch the stone floor. Be sure that the underside of the mat or rug is a slip-resistant surface.
VACUUMS: Some natural stones scratch easily, for this reason, it’s important to inspect wheels and attachments to ensure they are not damaged or worn.
SPILLS: Immediately blot the spill with a paper towel. Do not wipe the area as it will spread the spill. Flush the area with water and mild soap and rinse several times. Dry the area thoroughly with a soft cloth. Repeat as necessary.
For information about cleaning grout, check out our Tile Care & Maintenance page.
Visit our Youtube channel to learn about caring for other Floor & Home products.